To Brave Alaska

To Brave Alaska is an American 1996 made-for-TV adventure film directed by Bruce Pittman. Based on a true story, the film stars Alyssa Milano and Cameron Bancroft as a young couple who attempt to survive in the rough Alaskan wilderness.

Set in 1979, the film focuses on a Seattleite couple, police officer and former park ranger Roger Lewis (Bancroft), and 22-year-old waitress Denise Harris (Milano). They are invited by businessman Wylie Bennett (Fraser) to Alaska to head out to the fictional wilderness of Surprise Bay and find a goldmine. If they are successful in retrieving gold, they are awarded 10% of the profit. Denise is hesitant to travel into the wilderness, though blindly follows her boyfriend, who regards the exploring as a great adventure. They are flown to the location, roughly 75 miles away from the nearest ‚civilization‘, with just a dog and a radio with bad reception. There, they are set up in a cabin, where they spend their first couple of weeks. When they realize that their food supply is running out and that nobody is coming to help them, they become afraid. Roger considers shooting a deer, but Denise opposes such due to her vegetarianism.

Even though sometime later they find their first gold, they realize that it will not buy them dinner in the wilderness. With winter coming, they decide that they must head back to civilization. They gather supplies and their gold and take the canoe, considering it is their only form of transportation. By day three, a storm throws Denise in the water and swamps the canoe. By day five, Bill DeCreeft (Rekert), the aviator who flew them to their Surprise Bay destination, finds out that nobody flew out to the couple for a food supply, and starts a search for them. Roger and Denise, meanwhile, have set out a camp near the river in hope of a boat sailing by. When they realize that they are all alone, they know that they have to travel inland, despite the dangers, and they are forced to turn their weaknesses into strengths in order to survive.

While Bill starts a major search, Roger and Denise have to face several obstacles. Denise loses their food supply when she struggles to cross a river; Roger gets mad at her for not having tied the food supply to the rope that she used. She tries to apologize, but he does not listen until he almost falls to his death shortly after. The temperature grows colder rapidly, and they not only have to worry dying from starvation, but also from hypothermia. Furthermore, Denise almost dies when she breaks through ice and falls in freezing water. Somehow she makes it out, and, regarding it as a miracle, she grows determined to make it to civilization, despite the fact that Roger is now losing hope.

As days pass by without food, Denise suggests eating the dog. Roger refuses to kill Newman, explaining that he loves the dog too much. By day fourteen, Roger has contracted frostbite and is unable to talk. Roger wants to accept that they are dying and proposes to end their lives with their remaining bullets, but Denise refuses to give up. By day seventeen, they spot a helicopter led by DeCreeft that is looking for them, but the helicopter flyer fails to notice them. Realizing that there is a search out for them, Denise convinces Roger to travel to open land and create a signal. By day nineteen, they are spotted and rescued by DeCreeft.

Filming took place in Alberta, Canada. The cast and crew had to ride the snowmobile to the set for two miles every day. Milano commented in a 1997 interview: „We had our costumes padded with heat packs, but it got so cold that I would lay on the dog (Newman) to keep warm.“ Shooting completed on May 26, 1996.

The reviewer of Variety wrote that „other than the consistently vapid behavior of lead characters, Mendelsohn’s script does its job with occasional flashes of wit, and Bruce Pittman’s direction is on the money. And whenever the action flags, there are acres upon acres of handsome “Alaskan” scenery (shot in Alberta, Canada, in part by aerial cameraman Robert Mehnert), well illuminated by d.p. Michael Storey.“

The reviewer of The New York Times was less enthusiastic, and wrote that Milano and Bancroft gave worse performances than the film’s dog.

The film was released on DVD first in Asia. A region 1 release was followed on January 17, 2006.

John Mulvany

John Mulvany (c. 1839 – 1906) was an Irish artist best known as an artist of the American West who painted the first large (11ftx21ft) image of General Custer’s defeat by the Oglala Sioux Indians at Little Big Horn in 1876. Mulvany’s painting Custer’s Last Rally, was finished in 1881. In Ireland, he is known for The Battle of Aughrim, painted in 1885 and exhibited in Dublin in 2010.

Mulvany also recorded the American Civil War on canvas as well as maintaining a career as a portrait painter throughout his life.

Mulvany was born in Diralagh, County Meath, Ireland c. 1839 to tenant farmers, Francis Lee and Thomas Mulvany. When he immigrated to New York City in 1851 at the age of 12, he was old enough to have witnessed and grasped the horrors of the Irish Famine. He worked as a tow boy on the Erie Canal and came to the attention of Professor Juan Wandersford at the National Academy of Design in New York City. In 1859 Mulvany enrolled in classes there. before he went to Washington, D.C. to work for Mathew Brady by 1863.

Mulvany never served in the army but may have worked as a sketch artist for a Chicago newspaper. Mulvany’s later Civil War paintings were praised for their realism – paintings such as Sheridan’s Ride at Winchester, 1896 McPherson and Revenge, 1889, Battle of Shiloh and The Death of General Mulligan.

After the Civil War, Mulvany worked for Samuel B. Fassett, a leading photographer in Chicago. He submitted paintings to exhibitions in New York, Chicago and Philadelphia. Mulvany found a patron in St. Louis, Samuel B. Coale, who provided terms for him to study in Europe where he enrolled in the Royal Academy of Fine Arts, Munich. studying with Alexander von Wagner, De Kaiser and Carl Theodor von Piloty, then with Jean-Léon Gerome in Paris. He also spent time in Antwerp studying Rembrandts.

He was a classmate of Walter Shirlaw and Frank Duveneck. Mulvany won a medal for his efforts, and returned to Chicago in the fall of 1871 just before the devastating fire.

Over the next five years Mulvany worked in Eldon, Iowa; St Louis, Missouri; Denver, Colorado; and Louisville, Kentucky, painting portraits and western genre pictures. In 1876 he exhibited Preliminary Trial of a Horsethief in New York City. The painting, reportedly sold for $5000, won him national recognition and a reputation as a Western painter. Other western-themed works include Lynch Law – Comrade’s Appeal 1877, Scouts of the Yellowstone, 1877 and Back to the Wigwam 1881.

In 1876 when news of General George Custer’s fatal defeat by the Sioux Indians at the Battle of the Little Big Horn reached the East, Mulvany immediately recognized the significance of this event and headed west to Montana to capture it on canvas. Over the next four years, he made two trips to the battle site and set up a studio in Cincinnati, Salida, Denver and then in Kansas City., Mulvany’s large masterpiece, the 11ftx20ft Custer’s Last Rally, 1881, began its seventeen-year coast-to-coast tour of the country before H. J. Heinz took over ownership in 1898.

Around 1882, Mulvany secured a commission from the Irish Club of Chicago to paint the Battle of Aughrim – a tragic loss for the Irish in 1691. John began preliminary sketches in Ireland in 1882 and finished the piece in 1885. This painting was presumed lost until it was offered for sale on eBay in 2010 by a dealer who thought it represented an American battle scene, purchased by an Irish art gallery, exhibited in Dublin and subsequently sold.

Mulvany was a lifelong member of the Irish secret society, Clan na Gael, whose aim was Irish freedom from England. He narrowly escaped imprisonment by English authorities while researching uniforms for his Aughrim painting at the Tower of London just days before it was bombed in the Fenian dynamite campaign in 1885. His involvement in internecine fighting within the Chicago branch in 1886 cost him the Aughrim commission and after his friend, Dr. Patrick Henry Cronin, was murdered in 1889 over financial irregularities with this same branch, Mulvany left Chicago for the west. He married Mrs. Ellen Welch in 1890. and was divorced two years later in CO. He also had a romantic involvement with Lucy Deere, whom he met c. 1880 and contacted before his death in 1906.

Mulvany painted in Oregon, San Francisco, Colorado and Kansas City before he finally headed East in 1896. Over his lifetime, he set up studios in 21 different cities, sketching, painting and moving on; often leaving finished works and at least one debt behind.

In 1897, at the age of 58, Mulvany finally settled in the Williamsburg area of Brooklyn, New York, where he remained the rest of his life. with a studio at 133 Greenpoint Ave. He continued his artistic career painting six known major works, as well as a duplicate of Custer’s Last Rally, seeking exhibition opportunities, painting portraits, and even sketching up until two weeks before his death.

Mulvany died by drowning in early May 1906; the press declared it a suicide. He was 66 years old, suffering from throat cancer, a fatal disease at the time, vertigo and possible effects of alcoholism. He is buried in Calvary Cemetery, Queens, New York.

Mulvany’s contributions are several. He not only influenced William Merritt Chase and Frederick Remington, he also brought an international perspective to American Western Art. In addition, his life reflects a broader Irish immigrant experience than typically recorded. Other noteworthy paintings include Love’s Mirror and The Old Professor. Much of his work is unlocated.

Африканский Рог

Сомали́ (Африка́нский Рог) — полуостров на востоке Африканского континента. С севера омывается водами Аденского залива, с востока — Индийского океана. На северо-восточной оконечности полуострова находится мыс Гвардафуй.

Территория полуострова входит в состав государства Сомали, часть — в состав Эфиопии.

Площадь около 750 000 км².

Африканский Рог почти равно удален и от экватора и от северного тропика. Преобладает горный ландшафт, возникший в результате формирования Восточно-Африканской рифтовой долины, которая представляет собой трещину в коре Земли, пролегающей от Турции до Мозамбика и отмечающей разделение Африканской и Арабской тектонических плит. Самые высокие горы на этой территории — горы Симиен в северо-западной Эфиопии. Когда-то значительные ледники покрывали горы Симиен и Бейл, но стали таять с начала Голоцена. По направлению к Красному морю высота гор резко понижается, а в направлении Индийского океана понижается постепенно.

Низины Африканского Рога в целом являются районом засушливым, несмотря на их близость к экватору. Причина в том, что ветра тропических муссонов, которые приносят дожди в Сахель и регион Судан, дуют с запада. Постепенно, приближаясь к Джибути и Сомали, они перестают нести влагу, поэтому на большей части Африканского Рога выпадает малое количество осадков в муссонный период. На западе и в центре Эфиопии, а также на самом юге Эритреи идут сильные муссонные дожди. В горах Эфиопии осадки достигают свыше 2000 мм в год, даже в Асмэре в год выпадает в среднем 570 мм. Дожди — единственный источник воды для многих областей вне Эфиопии, особенно это касается Египта.

Зимой северо-восточный пассат приносит дожди лишь в горные районы северного Сомали, где уровень годовых осадков достигает 500 мм. На восточном побережье ветра дуют параллельно берегу, к тому же присутствует сильный апвеллинг. Вследствие этого уровень годовых осадков может составлять 51 мм.

Погода у берегов Красного моря очень жаркая: около 41 °C в июле и 32 °C в январе. Однако на восточном побережье обычно попрохладней благодаря апвеллингу течения, поэтому в Асмэре в безоблачные ночи часто случаются заморозки.

Страны Африканского Рога не только находятся в схожих природно-географических условиях, но и этнически, лингвистически связаны между собой. Говорящие на языке сомали, коих большинство в Сомалийской Республике и Джибути, составляют 97 % в регионе Сомали в Эфиопии. Также многие в Джибути, Эфиопии и Эритрее говорят на афарском языке. Также в этом регионе довольно широко распространены такие афразийские языки, как тигринья и амхарский язык, существуют и десятки языковых групп поменьше.

На полуострове находятся национальные парки и заповедники международного значения. Однако территория Африканского Рога серьёзно страдает от истощения пастбищ, осталось лишь 5 % изначального ареала. На Сокотре другая серьёзная угроза окружающей среде — развитие инфраструктуры.

На Африканском Роге присутствуют более 220 видов млекопитающих. Некоторые виды антилоп, такие как бейра, дибатаг, дикдик серебряный и газель Спика, находятся под угрозой вымирания. Также здесь водятся Сомалийский дикий осёл, пустынный бородавочник, гамадрил, Сомалийская карликовая песчанка, песчанка вало (Ammodillus imbellis) и кистехвостый гребнепал (Pectinator spekei). Зебра Греви — уникальное дикое животное этого региона, представитель семейства лошадиных. На Африканском Роге можно найти популяции гиеновидных собак, которые являются вымирающим видом.

Здесь обитают такие птицы, как золотокрылые вьюрки, птицы вида Laniarius liberatus, особый вид коноплянки (Carduelis johannis), куропатка (Francolinus ochropectus)

Здесь больше видов рептилий, чем в любом другом регионе Африки. Насчитывается свыше 285 видов, около 90 из них можно найти лишь на Африканском Роге.

Земноводные здесь почти не водятся.

Пресноводных рыб около 100 видов, 10 из которых можно найти лишь в водах Африканского Рога.

Насчитывается около 5000 сосудистых растений, растущих в этом регионе, половину из которых можно найти только здесь. Эндемизм (распространение вида в узком ареале) особенно характерен для острова Сокотра и северной части региона Сомали. Например, магнолия остроконечная, сомалийский цикламен, кордеауксия растут лишь на Сокотре.

Fadela Amara

Fadela Amara, (born Fatiha Amara, April 25, 1964) is a French feminist and politician, who began her political life as an advocate for women in the impoverished banlieues. She was the Secretary of State for Urban Policies in the conservative Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) government of French Prime Minister François Fillon. She is a former president of the organisation Ni Putes Ni Soumises.

Amara was born to Algerian Kabyle parents in an emergency housing district of Clermont-Ferrand, Puy-de-Dôme, which she later described as a shanty-town. The neighbourhood was mostly populated by immigrants from the Maghreb. She was born into a family of eleven children, having four sisters and six brothers. Her father worked as a labourer during the week and in the markets on the weekend, while her mother was a housewife. Despite not being well off himself, Amara’s father sent money back to his home village in Algeria and kept some more aside for the poor of the district[citation needed]. Regarding the situation there for women she said, „daughters, sisters, cousins, female neighbours must either act like submissive but virtuous vassals, or be treated like cheap whores. Any sign of independence or femininity is viewed as a challenge and provocation.“ Although she wished to study literature, she ended up taking a qualification as an office employee.

In 1978, when Amara was 14, her brother Malik was run down by a drunk driver. He died of his injuries after a few hours. Amara was appalled to see the police side with the driver at the scene of the incident.

Amara participated in the first demonstration aimed at encouraging electoral registration among the young people of Clermont-Ferrand. When she was 16 years old, the municipal authorities decided to demolish the district she lived in. She went from door to door canvassing support for its retention. At the age of 18, she established the Association des femmes pour l’échange intercommunautaire (Women’s Association for Intercommunal Exchange), a fledgling example of Islamic feminism, with the aim of developing women’s autonomy and individual thought through meetings between neighbouring communities.

In 1983 she took part in a mass demonstration of the Beurs (French of North African origin), and from 1986 on she was an activist within the civil rights organisation SOS Racisme. In 2000 she was elected president of the Fédération nationale des maisons des potes (FNMP). In 1989 she established the Women’s Commission, whose principal objective was to investigate the position of women in urban and suburban areas and register the demands of those communities.

In March 2001 she was elected on the Socialist Party list at the municipal council of Clermont-Ferrand.

After the 2002 murder of 17-year-old Sohanne Benziane, she organised a march from the murder site beneath a banner declaring the women Ni Putes, Ni Soumises (neither whores, nor submissives). The motto stuck and became the name of the resulting organisation, of which she became the president.

In 2002 she organised a „women’s parliament“ in the Sorbonne with over 250 participants, drew up a petition which gained almost 20,000 signatures, and organised a nationwide tour of Ni Putes Ni Soumises, which finished in Paris on 8 March 2003.

Despite being a Muslim, Amara was active in supporting the expulsion from French secondary schools of young Muslim women who wear the hijab, and in supporting the 2003 law on this question.

On June 19, 2007, although still a member and a municipal councillor of the Socialist Party, she was appointed Secretary of State for Urban Policies in the 2nd UMP government of French Prime Minister François Fillon. She reported to Housing Minister Christine Boutin. She left the government in 2010, and was named France’s inspector general for social affairs in January 2011.

Godzilla – Der Retter der Erde

Godzilla – Der Retter der Erde (Originaltitel: The Godzilla Power Hour) ist eine US-amerikanische Zeichentrickserie aus dem Jahr 1978. Sie entstand als Koproduktion zwischen Hanna-Barbera Productions und Tōhō und ist eine Zeichentrickversion der von Tōhō produzierten Godzilla-Filme. Die Serie umfasst zwei Staffeln mit 26 Episoden und handelt von einem Forscherteam, das Godzilla mittels eines Funksignals jederzeit um Hilfe rufen kann, wenn die Welt oder sie selbst durch Monster in Gefahr geraten. Für die Comedy-Einlagen in der Serie sorgt Godzooky, ein Minigodzilla, der fliegen kann. In Deutschland wurde sie unter anderem im Rahmen der Kinder-Fernsehserie Bim Bam Bino ausgestrahlt.

Godzillas Brüllen stammt von dem Schauspieler Ted Cassidy, bekannt als Butler Lurch aus der Comedy-Serie The Addams Family.

Godzilla – Der Retter der Erde lief erstmals vom 9. September 1978 bis zum 12. Dezember 1979 auf dem amerikanischen Sender NBC. Mittlerweile ist die erste Staffel aber auch in mehreren Editionen auf DVD erschienen. Jeweils vier Episoden wurden 2006 von Sony Wonder auf einer DVD veröffentlicht. Eine weitere Edition mit fünf Episoden folgte 2007. Sie wurde von Classic Media herausgebracht. 2011 waren bei Netflix 15 Episoden der Serie als Instantstream verfügbar.

CICS Northtown Academy

Chicago International Charter School (CICS) – Northtown Academy is a 4–year charter high school in the North Park neighborhood on the northwest side of Chicago, Illinois, United States. The school is administered by Civitas Schools. The school is located at the intersection of Pulaski Road and Peterson Avenue and the school’s address is 3900 West Peterson Avenue.

Located on Chicago’s Northwest side, CICS Northtown Academy is a college preparatory high school dedicated to offering students a rigorous college preparatory education where our students demonstrate the intellectual skills, the cultural competence, the belief in self, and the engagement in community necessary for success in school, college, the workplace and life.

Founded in 2002, its primary goal is to educate 9th to 12th grade students for college. Its athletics include baseball, basketball, cheerleading, cross country, soccer, softball, tennis, track sports, and volleyball. It has a variety of other extra-curricular activities including a student council, a National Honors Society, an Asian Student Alliance club, a sound club, and a Latin Dance club.

On April 3, 2009 teachers at Northtown, in conjunction with their colleagues at the two other Civitas Schools campuses, filed Authorization for Representation cards with the Illinois Educational Labor Relations Board to be the first charter teachers in Chicago to be represented by a union, the Chicago Alliance of Charter Teachers & Staff.

Banksia media

Sirmuellera media (R.Br.) Kuntze

The southern plains banksia (Banksia media), also known as golden stalk banksia, is a species of shrub in the plant genus Banksia. It occurs on the south coast of Western Australia between Albany and Israelite Bay, where it is a common plant. A many-branched bush with wedge-shaped serrated leaves and large golden-yellow flower spikes, known as inflorescences, it grows up to 10 metres (30 ft) high.

Banksia media plants are killed by bushfire, and regenerate from seed. The flowers attract nectar- and insect-feeding birds, particularly honeyeaters, and a variety of insects. In cultivation, Banksia media grows well in a sunny location on well-drained soil in areas with dry summers. It is more resilient than most Western Australian banksias when cultivated in areas with humid summers.

Banksia media grows as a many-stemmed shrub generally to around 4 m (13 ft) high, though specimens up to 10 m (30 ft) high and 6 m (20 ft) wide have been recorded. The trunk can reach 30 cm (12 in) in diameter. Conversely, some coastal populations such as at Point Ann have plants with a prostrate habit with the flower spikes towering above the foliage. Unlike many banksias, it does not have a lignotuber. It has grey, fissured bark, and hairy stems, putting on new growth in summer. Alternately arranged along the stems, the dark green, wedge-shaped leaves are 4 to 12 cm (1.8–4.2 in) long and 0.7 to 2 cm (0.3–0.8 in) wide with serrated margins. Leaf dimensions vary in different populations: plants from the western and coastal parts of its range have shorter and broader leaves—4 to 6 cm by 1 to 2 cm, while inland plants from around Mt Charles and Mt Ragged have longer and narrower leaves and less revolute leaf margins.

Flowering takes place mainly from March to August, though occasional flower spikes may appear till December. The cylindrical spikes arise on the ends of short lateral branchlets off three- or five-year-old stems and are generally 6 to 16 cm high and 7 to 8 cm (~3 in) wide at anthesis. One population at Mt Ridley has spikes often reaching 26 cm high. Known as an inflorescence, each is a compound flowering structure, with a large number of individual flowers arising out of a central woody axis.

Robert Brown described Banksia media in his 1830 supplement to his Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van Diemen, the type specimen having been collected between Cape Arid and Lucky Bay by collector William Baxter in 1824.

George Bentham published a thorough revision of Banksia in his landmark publication Flora Australiensis in 1870. In Bentham’s arrangement, the number of recognised Banksia species was reduced from 60 to 46. Bentham defined four sections based on leaf, style and pollen-presenter characters. Banksia media was placed in section Cyrtostylis.

In 1891, German botanist Otto Kuntze challenged the generic name Banksia L.f., on the grounds that the name Banksia had previously been published in 1775 as Banksia J.R.Forst & G.Forst, referring to the genus now known as Pimelea. Kuntze proposed Sirmuellera as an alternative, republishing B. media as Sirmuellera media. The challenge failed, and Banksia L.f. was formally conserved.

George placed B. media in B. subg. Banksia, because its inflorescences are typical Banksia flower spikes; B. sect. Banksia because of its straight styles; and B. ser. Cyrtostylis because it has slender flowers. He considered its closest relatives to be B. praemorsa (cut-leaf banksia) and, after its discovery, B. epica.

In 1996, Kevin Thiele and Pauline Ladiges published the results of a cladistic analysis of morphological characters of Banksia. They retained George’s subgenera and many of his series, but discarded his sections. George’s B. ser. Cyrtostylis was found to be „widely polyphyletic“, as six of the fourteen taxa in that series occurred singly in locations throughout Thiele and Ladiges‘ cladogram. The remaining eight formed a clade that further resolved into two subclades, with B. media appeared in one of them, alongside praemorsa, epica and pilostylis:

Since 1998, Austin Mast has been publishing results of ongoing cladistic analyses of DNA sequence data for the subtribe Banksiinae. His analyses suggest a phylogeny that is rather different from previous taxonomic arrangements. With respect to B. media, however, Mast’s results accord closely with the arrangement of Thiele and Ladiges, placing it in a polytomous clade corresponding exactly with Thiele and Ladiges‘ B. ser. Cyrtostylis.

Early in 2007 Mast and Thiele initiated a rearrangement by transferring Dryandra to Banksia, and publishing B. subg. Spathulatae for the species having spoon-shaped cotyledons; in this way they also redefined the autonym B. subg. Banksia. They foreshadowed publishing a full arrangement once DNA sampling of Dryandra was complete; in the meantime, if Mast and Thiele’s nomenclatural changes are taken as an interim arrangement, then B. media is placed in B. subg. Banksia.

Banksia media is widely distributed across southern Western Australia, from the eastern border of Stirling Range National Park across to Israelite Bay and extending northwards to Pingrup, Frank Hann National Park, 15 km east northeast of Dowak and 35 km northwest of Mt Buraminya. A disjunct population occurs further east along the coast at Point Culver and Toolinna. Often locally abundant, it grows in a variety of soil types, most commonly white sand or a sandy loam, but also red clay, loam over limestone, shale or granitic soil. The habitat is heathland, shrubland or open woodland.

Banksia media is killed by bushfire and regenerates from seed. Plants in the Fitzgerald River National Park take around ten years to flower and set seed after germination, where fires are generally 30 to 60 years apart.

The prominent and colourful flower spikes indicate they are attractive to vertebrate pollinators, and they are visited by a variety of species, including honey possums and a number of honeyeaters, including the New Holland honeyeater, white-cheeked honeyeater, red wattlebird and western spinebill. Insects include the meat ant and European honeybee. A field study excluding pollinators showed that the spikes can set fruit without pollinators, indicating they have a degree of self-compatibility.

Banksia media has been shown to have a relatively low susceptibility to dieback from the soil-borne water mould Phytophthora cinnamomi, unlike many Western Australian banksias. Seeds do not require any treatment, and take 20 to 46 days to germinate.

Kvartil

Innenfor deskriptiv statistikk er et kvartil en av fire like store grupper som hver representerer en fjerdedel av fordelingen i et utvalg eller populasjon. Kvartiler brukes for å redusere store skjevheter i et sett målinger, som ofte oppstår pga. veldig store og/eller veldig små enkeltmålinger.

En kvartil kan regnes ut ved å dele en sortert liste med målinger i fire, for så å hente ut verdien til målingene mellom hver fjerdededel av listen. For å hente ut verdien til målingen mellom 1. og 2. kvartil (nedre kvartil) symbolisert Q1, verdien til målingen mellom 2. og 3. kvartil (median) symbolisert M og verdien til målingen mellom 3. og 4. kvartil (øvre kvartil) symbolisert Q3. For å finne nummeret i listen til målingen til Q1 kan vi bruke formelen, hvor n er antall verdier:






Q



1




=





n


+


1



4






{\displaystyle Q_{1}={\frac {n+1}{4}}}


For å finne M:





M


=





n


+


1



2






{\displaystyle M={\frac {n+1}{2}}}


For å finne Q3:






Q



3




=


3





n


+


1



4






{\displaystyle Q_{3}=3{\frac {n+1}{4}}}


Vær oppmerksom at dersom (n + 1)/4 ikke er blir et naturlig tall, vil svaret for Q1 og Q3 bli en brøk. Da må verdiene vektes mot hverandre.

Kvartilbredden er differansen mellom den øvre og nedre kvartil.






Q



B




=


 



Q



3









Q



1






{\displaystyle Q_{B}=\ Q_{3}-Q_{1}}


Ettersom kvartilbredden ikke blir påvirket av de 25 % største eller minste verdiene, blir det et godt spredningsmål, selv om de originale verdiene var skjevt fordelt.

Kvartilavviket er definert som halvparten av kvartilbredden.






Q



B




=






Q



3









Q



1





2






{\displaystyle Q_{B}={\frac {Q_{3}-Q_{1}}{2}}}


Eksempel 1
Datasett: 6, 47, 49, 15, 42, 41, 7, 39, 43, 40, 36
Sortert datasett: 6, 7, 15, 36, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 47, 49







{






Q



1




=


15






M


=


40







Q



3




=


43










{\displaystyle {\begin{cases}Q_{1}=15\\M=40\\Q_{3}=43\end{cases}}}


Eksempel 2
Sortert datasett: 7, 15, 36, 39, 40, 41







{






Q



1




=


15






M


=


37.5







Q



3




=


40










{\displaystyle {\begin{cases}Q_{1}=15\\M=37.5\\Q_{3}=40\end{cases}}}


Eksempel 3
Sortert datasett: 1, 2, 3, 4







{






Q



1




=


1.5






M


=


2.5







Q



3




=


3.5










{\displaystyle {\begin{cases}Q_{1}=1.5\\M=2.5\\Q_{3}=3.5\end{cases}}}


Median

List of Nana characters

The Japanese Josei manga series Nana, written and illustrated by Ai Yazawa, features a cast of fictional characters of which the two main characters share the name Nana. The series chronicles their friendship and their lives as each chases her dreams. Nana Komatsu is a small town girl who goes to Tokyo to follow her boyfriend and college friends, with the hope of having her dream life. Nana Osaki was in a popular punk band in her home town. Nana Osaki’s friends include her bandmates in the Black Stones (Blast) and her former bandmate who is involved in a band called Trapnest.

Black Stones — normally shortened to Blast (ブラスト Burasuto?) — is a popular punk band within the series. Ren was once a member of the group, but, after his departure to join Trapnest, they recruit a new member, Shin. They attract a large following, and ultimately sign a deal with Gaia Records. Nana Osaki is their main vocalist.

Trapnest or Tranes (トラネス Toranesu?) for short, is a popular band in the manga. Nana wants her own band to overtake Trapnest as the leading one in Japan.

People who have interacted with Nana K. personally at given times of her life. They do not address her with her nickname, Hachi, and have deeply affected her perceptions on certain situations. As they are not deeply involved with the two bands, she will often reflect on her experiences with them for reassurance when she is in doubt of her simultaneous loyalties to Blast and Trapnest.

Black Stones eventually sign a full contract with Gaia Records. Due to the tabloids‘ interest over Nana and Ren’s relationship, Blast members relocated to one of Gaia’s facilities and voluntarily shared housing with other talented individuals under Gaia’s name.

Trapnest’s official record label which is also a homage to the magazine that serialized the manga. Unlike Blast, members are assigned more managers who ensure that they meet their appointments and affirm each member’s status.

A magazine that shares similar characteristics to the Japanese magazine, Friday. They are a part of the „paparazzi“ that track both bands. When Blast was becoming popular, they were given a leak that connected Nana O with Ren and have not stopped from spreading negative (and sometimes false) information about them.

Wiestal mit Rauber

IUCN-Kategorie IV − Habitat-/Species Management Area

Bild gesucht 

Das Wiestal mit Rauber ist ein mit Verordnung des Regierungspräsidiums Stuttgart vom 13. August 1992 ausgewiesenes Naturschutzgebiet (NSG-Nummer 1.185) im Gebiet der Stadt Kirchheim unter Teck (Gemarkung Jesingen) und der Gemeinden Ohmden und Holzmaden im baden-württembergischen Landkreis Esslingen.

Das 136,5 Hektar große Naturschutzgebiet liegt zwischen Jesingen und Ohmden, östlich von Kirchheim unter Teck. Die Kreisstraße K 1265 führt mitten durch das Gebiet. Es liegt im Naturraum 101 – Mittleres Albvorland innerhalb der naturräumlichen Haupteinheit 10 – Schwäbisches Keuper-Lias-Land.

Schutzzweck ist die Erhaltung und Wiederherstellung der naturnahen Wiesenaue des Trink- und Seebachtals mit ihren vielfältigen, ökologisch wertvollen Biotoptypen, die Erhaltung und Sicherung der ökologisch wertvollen Hanglagen des Rauber mit ihren vielfältigen, ökologisch wertvollen Biotoptypen und die Sicherung der vernetzten Lebensverhältnisse für die im Schutzgebiet in reichem Maß vorkommenden Tier- und Pflanzengesellschaften. Das Gebiet ist ein für den Landkreis Esslingen fast einmaliger Lebensraum, der auch überregionale Bedeutung hat.

Das Schutzgebiet liegt im Bereich des Schwarzen Jura (Lias). Der westliche Rauberhang wird durch den rund 15 Meter mächtigen Lias Beta (Turneritone) geprägt.

Alter Neckar | Am Rank (Röhmsee) | Denkendorfer Erlachsee | Eichhalde | Erkenbergwasen | Grienwiesen (Schülesee) | Häslachwald | Jusi-Auf dem Berg | Krähenhäule | Kurzer Wasen-Roter Wasen | Limburg | Musberger Eichberg | Nägelestal | Neckarwasen | Neuffener Heide | Neuffener Hörnle-Jusenberg | Oberes Lenninger Tal mit Seitentälern | Randecker Maar mit Zipfelbachschlucht | Schaichtal | Schönrain | Schopflocher Moor (Torfgrube) | Siebenmühlental | Stettener Bach | Teck | Tobeltal mit Mittagsfels und Wielandstein | Unter dem Burz | Wernauer Baggerseen | Wernauer Lehmgrube | Wiestal mit Rauber